Car safety features

Car safety features

With cars being among the most popular forms of transport it is now more important than ever that the passengers and the driver feel safe and secure at all times on the road. It is crucial that the risk of a crash is minimised and in the event that one should occur that the potential for serious injury is reduced. Modern cars have many features that allow this to be the case and make the cars of today the safest that they have ever been.

Seat belts

Seat belts have been around for 30 years but that doesn’t mean they haven’t evolved at the same pace as the cars themselves. Smart seatbelt reminders, now installed as standard in most cars, indicate whether a passenger has done up their belt. Pre-tensioners take up all the slack in a seat belt a split second after a crash to reduce the potential for whiplash and movement. Load limiters also reduce the amount that the seat belt can pull across your body. The head restraints also reduce the chance of whiplash injuries and should always be adjusted to suit the height of the driver or the passenger.

Airbags

Airbags have also been developed and are now installed in the dashboard and steering wheel to protect the head and the chest in the event of a frontal crash. Knee airbags have also been developed so as to protect the legs and pelvis significantly reducing the risk of a severe injury. There are also side curtain airbags that protect the heads of both the front and the rear passengers in the event of a side-on crash. Most airbags are now dual stage airbags that inflate at different rates depending on the severity of the crash that is measured by sensors monitoring the deceleration rates of the car.

Stability control

Electronic stability control is one of the most important developments in car safety in recent times. It can reduce the engine power and can also operate individual brakes should it detect the car starting to skid or lose control due to the driver’s inputs. It is now a requirement by law for all manufacturers to install this technology in all new cars. It can detect differences between the driver’s intended course and the car’s course and thus can sense when you are about to lose control.

Headlights

Active headlights have additional lights that come on on the left or the right for cornering to light up the bend as you go round. More advanced models allow the lights to be adjusted as the driver steers and even have cameras that are used to detect other cars ahead. If cars ahead are detected the light is adjusted to provide maximum illumination without dazzling other drivers.

Crumple Zone

The Crumple zone is at the front of the car and is designed to increase the amount of time it takes for a car to come to a stop following a crash to reduce the amount of force felt by the driver. The reduction in force in the event of a crash significantly reduces the chance of an injury to the driver and the other passengers.

Car seats

Child car seats have also developed hugely with isofix seat mounts being built into the car seats as opposed to having to use the adult seat belt. This makes it easier to install

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